- Modern name derived from the Greek Aigyptos for the country comprising the Nile Delta and the Nile Valley up to Elephantine (Aswan) and the adjacent deserts. The Greek name may be derived from the name Hikuptah, which was sometimes used for ancient Memphis. The ancient Egyptians called their country Kemet, the Black Land, referring to the fertile soil left by the Nile inundation.Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.